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You searched for: creator:"Martin, C."
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[texts]Thermal Adjustment and Respiratory Exchange in Monotremes and Marsupials.--A Study in the Development of Homothermism. - Martin, C.
Thermal Adjustment and Respiratory Exchange in Monotremes and Marsupials.--A Study in the Development of Homothermism. Martin, C Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (1854-1905). 1901-01-01. 68:352–353
Keywords: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Downloads: 24
[texts]Further Observations concerning the Relation of the Toxin and Anti-Toxin of Snake-Venom - Martin, C.
Further Observations concerning the Relation of the Toxin and Anti-Toxin of Snake-Venom. Martin, C Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (1854-1905). 1898-01-01. 64:88–94
Keywords: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Downloads: 64
[texts]A Note on the Protozoa from Sick Soils, with some Account of the Life-Cycle of a Flagellate Monad - Martin, C.
A Note on the Protozoa from Sick Soils, with some Account of the Life-Cycle of a Flagellate Monad. Martin, C. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character (1905-1934). 1912-08-20. 85 (580):393–400
Keywords: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Downloads: 31
[texts]Thermal Adjustment and Respiratory Exchange in Monotremes and Marsupials. A Study in the Development of Homaeothermism - Martin, C.
Thermal Adjustment and Respiratory Exchange in Monotremes and Marsupials. A Study in the Development of Homaeothermism. Martin, C Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character (1896-1934). 1903-01-01. 195:1–37
Keywords: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Downloads: 38
[texts]Monitoring the Crab Nebula with Chandra:A Search for the Location of the gamma-ray Flares - Martin C. Weisskopf
Subsequent to announcements by the AGILE and by the Fermi-LAT teams of the discovery of gamma-ray flares from the Crab Nebula in the fall of 2010, an international collaboration has been monitoring X-Ray emission from the Crab on a regular basis using the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Observations occur typically once per month when viewing constraints allow. The aim of the program is to characterize in depth the X-Ray variations within the Nebula, and, if possible, to much more precisely locate th...
Downloads: 1
[texts]The impact of protein-conjugate polysaccharide vaccines: an endgame for meningitis? (Volume 368) - Maiden, Martin C. J.
This article is from Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, volume 368.AbstractThe development and implementation of conjugate polysaccharide vaccines against invasive bacterial diseases, specifically those caused by the encapsulated bacteria Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae, has been one of the most effective public health innovations of the last 25 years...
[texts]A new repeat-masking method enables specific detection of homologous sequences. (Volume 39) - Frith, Martin C.
This article is from Nucleic Acids Research, volume 39.AbstractBiological sequences are often analyzed by detecting homologous regions between them. Homology search is confounded by simple repeats, which give rise to strong similarities that are not homologies. Standard repeat-masking methods fail to eliminate this problem, and they are especially ill-suited to AT-rich DNA such as malaria and slime-mould genomes...
[texts]Computer simulation of street traffic (Volume NBS Technical Note 119) - Stark, Martin C.

Downloads: 40
[texts]X-Ray Polarimetry: Historical Remarks and Other Considerations - Martin C. Weisskopf
We briefly discuss the history of X-ray polarimetry for astronomical applications including a guide to the appropriate statistics. We also provide an introduction to some of the new techniques discussed in more detail elsewhere in these proceedings. We conclude our discussion with our concerns over adequate ground calibration, especially with respect to unpolarized beams, and at the system level.
Downloads: 5
[texts]A small slice of the Milky Way disk in SDSS - Martin C. Smith
The present-day state of the Milky Way disk can tell us much about the history of our Galaxy and provide insights into its formation. We have constructed a high-precision catalogue of disk stars using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and use these stars to probe the heating history as well as investigating the detailed phase-space distribution. We also show how this sample can be used to probe the global properties of the Milky Way disk, employing the Jeans equations to provide a si...
Downloads: 3
[texts]The Chandra X-Ray Observatory: Observations of Neutron Stars - Martin C. Weisskopf
We present here an overview of the status of the Chandra X-ray Observatory which has now been operating for five years. The Observatory is running smoothly, and the scientific return continues to be outstanding. We provide some details on the molecular contamination of the ACIS filters and its impact on observations. We review the observations with Chandra of the pulsar in the Crab Nebula and add some general comments as to the analysis of X-ray spectra...
Downloads: 5
[texts]The Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO): An Overview - Martin C. Weisskopf
Significant advances in science inevitably occur when the state of the art in instrumentation improves. NASA's newest Great Observatory, the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO) -- formally known as the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF) -- launched on July 23, 1999 and represents such an advance. The CXO is designed to study the x-ray emission from all categories of astronomical objects from normal stars to quasars.
Downloads: 7
[texts]Explaining the correlations among properties of mammalian promoters. (Volume 42) - Frith, Martin C.
This article is from Nucleic Acids Research, volume 42.AbstractProximal promoters are fundamental genomic elements for gene expression. They vary in terms of GC percentage, CpG abundance, presence of TATA signal, evolutionary conservation, chromosomal spread of transcription start sites and breadth of expression across cell types. These properties are correlated, and it has been suggested that there are two classes of promoters: one class with high CpG, widely spread transcription start sites an...
Downloads: 3
[texts]The freezing points of hydrazine-ammonium perchlorate mixtures - Martin, C. H
Remotely-operated measuring apparatus for determining freezing point curves for solutions of ammonium perchlorate in hydrazine
Keywords: AMMONIUM PERCHLORATES; MEASURING APPARATUS; HYDRAZINES; LOW TEMPERATURE; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; MELTING POINTS; PERCHLORATES; AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE; FREEZING POINT; HYDRAZINE
Downloads: 104
[texts]Preliminary evaluation of ATS-6/GEOS-3 satellite-to-satellite tracking data - Martin, C.
No Abstract Available
Keywords: DICHROISM; FLUORESCENCE; MOLECULAR STRUCTURE; POLARIZED LIGHT; SPECTROMETERS; SPECTRUM ANALYSIS
Downloads: 75
[texts]Synchrotron Radiation from Outer Space and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory - Martin C. Weisskopf
The universe provides numerous extremely interesting astrophysical sources of synchrotron X radiation. The Chandra X-ray Observatory and other X-ray missions provide powerful probes of these and other cosmic X-ray sources. Chandra is the X-ray component of NASA's Great Observatory Program which also includes the Hubble Space telescope, the Spitzer Infrared Telescope Facility, and the now defunct Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory...
Downloads: 12
[texts]Some Notes on Soil Protozoa - Martin, C.
Some Notes on Soil Protozoa. Martin, C.; Lewin, K Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character (1896-1934). 1914-01-01. 205:77–94
Keywords: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Downloads: 142
[texts]The Nature of the Antagonism between Toxins and Antitoxins - Martin, C.
The Nature of the Antagonism between Toxins and Antitoxins. Martin, C.; Cherry, T Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (1854-1905). 1898-01-01. 63:420–432
Keywords: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Downloads: 52
[texts]Preliminary Note on Trypanosoma eberthi (Kent) (= Spirochaeta eberthi, Luhe) and some other Parasitic Forms from the Intestine of the Fowl - Martin, C.
Preliminary Note on Trypanosoma eberthi (Kent) (= Spirochaeta eberthi, Luhe) and some other Parasitic Forms from the Intestine of the Fowl. Martin, C.; Robertson, M. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character (1905-1934). 1909-10-09. 81 (549):385–391
Keywords: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Downloads: 28
[texts]Les tables de Martin, ou, Le régulateur universel des calculs en parties doubles; Ouvrage par invention, pour trouver, d'une manière certaine, tous les rapports réciproques du nouveau système des poids et mesures de tous les pays, ainsi que des francs, livres tournois et monnaies étrangères - Martin, C. F
26
Keywords: Weights and measures -- France; Weights and measures -- Tables, etc; Money -- France; Money -- Tables, etc
Downloads: 704
[texts]Semantic-based Transfer - Michael Dorna
This article presents a new semantic-based transfer approach developed and applied within the Verbmobil Machine Translation project. We give an overview of the declarative transfer formalism together with its procedural realization. Our approach is discussed and compared with several other approaches from the MT literature.
Downloads: 6
[texts]Improved search heuristics find 20 000 new alignments between human and mouse genomes. (Volume 42) - Frith, Martin C.
This article is from Nucleic Acids Research, volume 42.AbstractSequence similarity search is a fundamental way of analyzing nucleotide sequences. Despite decades of research, this is not a solved problem because there exist many similarities that are not found by current methods. Search methods are typically based on a seed-and-extend approach, which has many variants (e.g. spaced seeds, transition seeds), and it remains unclear how to optimize this approach...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Efficient Implementation of a Semantic-based Transfer Approach - Michael Dorna
This article gives an overview of a new semantic-based transfer approach developed and applied within the Verbmobil Machine Translation project. We present the declarative transfer formalism and discuss its implementation.
Downloads: 5
[texts]Using microlensed quasars to probe the structure of the Milky Way - Jian Wang
This paper presents an investigation into the gravitational microlensing of quasars by stars and stellar remnants in the Milky Way. We present predictions for the all-sky microlensing optical depth, time-scale distributions and event rates for future large-area sky surveys. As expected, the total event rate increases rapidly with increasing magnitude limit, reflecting the fact that the number density of quasars is a steep function of magnitude...
Downloads: 18
[texts]Adding unaligned sequences into an existing alignment using MAFFT and LAST. (Volume 28) - Katoh, Kazutaka
This article is from Bioinformatics, volume 28.AbstractTwo methods to add unaligned sequences into an existing multiple sequence alignment have been implemented as the ‘–add’ and ‘–addfragments’ options in the MAFFT package. The former option is a basic one and applicable only to full-length sequences, whereas the latter option is applicable even when the unaligned sequences are short and fragmentary...
Downloads: 3
[texts]Hybrid tractability of soft constraint problems - Martin C. Cooper
The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is a central generic problem in computer science and artificial intelligence: it provides a common framework for many theoretical problems as well as for many real-life applications. Soft constraint problems are a generalisation of the CSP which allow the user to model optimisation problems. Considerable effort has been made in identifying properties which ensure tractability in such problems...
Downloads: 6
[texts]A Dichotomy for 2-Constraint Forbidden CSP Patterns - Martin C. Cooper
Although the CSP (constraint satisfaction problem) is NP-complete, even in the case when all constraints are binary, certain classes of instances are tractable. We study classes of instances defined by excluding subproblems. This approach has recently led to the discovery of novel tractable classes. The complete characterisation of all tractable classes defined by forbidding patterns (where a pattern is simply a compact representation of a set of subproblems) is a challenging problem...
Downloads: 9
[texts]QCD and Yukawa corrections to single-top-quark production via q qbar -> t bbar - Martin C. Smith
We calculate the O(alpha_s) and O(alpha_W m_t^2/M_W^2) corrections to the production of a single top quark via the weak process q qbar -> t bbar at the Fermilab Tevatron and the CERN Large Hadron Collider. An accurate calculation of the cross section is necessary in order to extract |V_tb| from experiment.
Downloads: 6
[texts]The advanced X-ray astronomical facility (AXAF): A powerful new tool for probing stellar coronae - Linsky, Jeffrey L.
No Abstract Available
Keywords: AEROELASTICITY; SUPERCRITICAL WINGS; WIND TUNNEL TESTS; WING PROFILES; FLUTTER ANALYSIS; NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION; TRANSONIC FLOW; UNSTEADY AERODYNAMICS; ENTROPY; FACTORIZATION; NONISENTROPICITY; PRESSURE EFFECTS
Downloads: 60
[texts]Place of medical qualification and outcomes of UK General Medical Council "fitness to practise" process: cohort study. (Volume 342) - Humphrey, Charlotte
This article is from BMJ : British Medical Journal, volume 342.AbstractObjectives To evaluate whether country of medical qualification is associated with “higher impact” decisions at different stages of the UK General Medical Council’s (GMC’s) “fitness to practise” process after allowing for other characteristics of doctors and inquiries.Design Retrospective cohort study.Setting Medical practice in the United Kingdom.Participants 7526 inquiries to the GMC concerning 6954 doctors.Main...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Six Years of Chandra Observations of Supernova Remnants - Martin C. Weisskopf
We present a review of the first six years of Chandra X-ray Observatory observations of supernova remnants. From the official "first-light" observation of Cassiopeia A that revealed for the first time the compact remnant of the explosion, to the recent million-second spectrally-resolved observation that revealed new details of the stellar composition and dynamics of the original explosion, Chandra observations have provided new insights into the supernova phenomenon...
Downloads: 4
[texts]A mostly traditional approach improves alignment of bisulfite-converted DNA. (Volume 40) - Frith, Martin C.
This article is from Nucleic Acids Research, volume 40.AbstractCytosines in genomic DNA are sometimes methylated. This affects many biological processes and diseases. The standard way of measuring methylation is to use bisulfite, which converts unmethylated cytosines to thymines, then sequence the DNA and compare it to a reference genome sequence. We describe a method for the critical step of aligning the DNA reads to the correct genomic locations...
Downloads: 2
[texts]An approximate Bayesian approach for mapping paired-end DNA reads to a reference genome. (Volume 29) - Shrestha, Anish Man Singh
This article is from Bioinformatics, volume 29.AbstractSummary: Many high-throughput sequencing experiments produce paired DNA reads. Paired-end DNA reads provide extra positional information that is useful in reliable mapping of short reads to a reference genome, as well as in downstream analyses of structural variations. Given the importance of paired-end alignments, it is surprising that there have been no previous publications focusing on this topic...
Downloads: 2
[texts]A case of primary cancer of the gall-bladder [microform] - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
Caption title
Keywords: Gall-bladder; Vésicule biliaire
Downloads: 91
[texts]Nonperturbative Effects in Quarkonia Associated with Large Orders in Perturbation Theory - Martin C. Smith
We show that the perturbation series for quarkonia energies diverges at large orders. This results in a perturbative ambiguity in the energy that scales as e^(-1/a*Lambda) where a is the Bohr radius of quarkonium and Lambda is the QCD scale parameter. This ambiguity is associated with a nonperturbative contribution to the energy from distances of order 1/Lambda and greater. This contribution is separate from that of the gluon condensate.
Downloads: 9
[texts]Top-quark pole mass - Martin C. Smith
The top quark decays more quickly than the strong-interaction time scale, $\lqcd^{-1}$, and might be expected to escape the effects of nonperturbative QCD. Nevertheless, the top-quark pole mass, like the mass of a stable heavy quark, is ambiguous by an amount proportional to $\lqcd$.
Downloads: 8
[texts]Mississippi Law Journal Jan. 1977 Book 1 (Volume 48) - Martin C. McWilliams, Jr.; Stephen Barrett Kanner

Keywords: Mississippi; Law; History; Law Journal
Downloads: 48
[texts]Parameters for accurate genome alignment. (Volume 11) - Frith, Martin C
This article is from BMC Bioinformatics, volume 11.AbstractBackground: Genome sequence alignments form the basis of much research. Genome alignment depends on various mundane but critical choices, such as how to mask repeats and which score parameters to use. Surprisingly, there has been no large-scale assessment of these choices using real genomic data. Moreover, rigorous procedures to control the rate of spurious alignment have not been employed...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Incorporating sequence quality data into alignment improves DNA read mapping. (Volume 38) - Frith, Martin C.
This article is from Nucleic Acids Research, volume 38.AbstractNew DNA sequencing technologies have achieved breakthroughs in throughput, at the expense of higher error rates. The primary way of interpreting biological sequences is via alignment, but standard alignment methods assume the sequences are accurate. Here, we describe how to incorporate the per-base error probabilities reported by sequencers into alignment...
[texts]pTcINDEX: a stable tetracycline-regulated expression vector for Trypanosoma cruzi. (Volume 6) - Taylor, Martin C
This article is from BMC Biotechnology, volume 6.AbstractBackground: Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan pathogen of major medical importance in Latin America. It is also an early diverging eukaryote that displays many unusual biochemical features. The completion of the T. cruzi genome project has highlighted the need to extend the range of techniques available to study gene function. To this end we report the development of a stable tetracycline-dependent expression vector applicable to this paras...
Downloads: 1
[texts]On so-called idiopathic dilation of the large intestine [microform] - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
Caption title
Keywords: Intestines; Intestine, Large; Intestins; Gros intestin
Downloads: 293
[texts]On the relation between diseases of the kidney and excretion of the alloxuric bodies [microform] - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
Caption title
Keywords: Kidneys; Reins
Downloads: 147
[texts]Pseudocounts for transcription factor binding sites. (Volume 37) - Nishida, Keishin
This article is from Nucleic Acids Research, volume 37.AbstractTo represent the sequence specificity of transcription factors, the position weight matrix (PWM) is widely used. In most cases, each element is defined as a log likelihood ratio of a base appearing at a certain position, which is estimated from a finite number of known binding sites. To avoid bias due to this small sample size, a certain numeric value, called a pseudocount, is usually allocated for each position, and its fraction acc...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Explaining the Decline in Early Mortality in Men and Women With Type 2 Diabetes: A population-based cohort study . (Volume 31) - Charlton, Judith
This article is from Diabetes Care, volume 31.AbstractOBJECTIVE—The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that changing utilization of lipid-lowering, antihypertensive, and oral hypoglycemic drugs may be associated with trends in all-cause mortality in men and women with type 2 diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—This was a cohort study in 197 general practices in the U.K. General Practice Research Database including 48,579 subjects with type 2 diabetes first diagnosed between 19...
[texts]Concurrent diabetes and exophthalmic goiter [microform] - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
Caption title
Keywords: Diabetes; Goiter; Diabète; Goitre
Downloads: 127
[texts]Cancerous tumour arising from the sudoriparous glands [microform] - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
"(Reprinted from the Montreal Medical Journal, February, 1894)"
Keywords: Sweat glands; Sweat glands; Cancer; Glandes sudoripares; Glandes sudoripares; Cancer
Downloads: 116
[texts]A report of two cases of actinomycosis of the brain [microform] - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
Caption title
Keywords: Brain; Actinomycosis; Cerveau; Actinomycose
Downloads: 142
[texts]A case of primary cancer of the liver [microform] - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
Caption title
Keywords: Liver; Foie
Downloads: 99
[texts]A Six-Node Curved Triangular Element and a Four-Node Quadrilateral Element for Analysis of Laminated Composite Aerospace Structures - Martin, C. Wayne
Mathematical development and some computed results are presented for Mindlin plate and shell elements, suitable for analysis of laminated composite and sandwich structures. These elements use the conventional 3 (plate) or 5 (shell) nodal degrees of freedom, have no communicable mechanisms, have no spurious shear energy (no shear locking), have no spurious membrane energy (no membrane locking) and do not require arbitrary reduction of out-of-plane shear moduli or under-integration...
Keywords: COMETS; SOLAR ORBITS; COMETARY COLLISIONS; NEAR EARTH OBJECTS; MANY BODY PROBLEM; PROPAGATION; PERTURBATION; SOLAR PARALLAX; PARALLAX; ORBIT DETERMINATION; TRAJECTORIES; HYPERVELOCITY IMPACT; EARTH SURFACE; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; KALMAN FILTERS; GAUSS EQUATION; OUTGASSING
Downloads: 207
[texts]Discussion on carcinoma [microform] : notes on the parasitic theory of cancer - Martin, C. F. (Charles Ferdinand), b. 1868
Caption title
Keywords: Cancer; Medical parasitology; Cancer; Parasitologie médicale
Downloads: 197
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